Disclaimer: I am not perfect and neither are my notes. If you notice anything that requires clarification or correction, please email me at melanie (dot) marttila (at) gmail (dot) com and I will fix things post-hasty.
Panellists: Frederick Turner, Walter Jon Williams, Cynthia Ward, John Kessel (moderator), Elizabeth Moon
Quick note: What’s with the non-panel pictures? In the first day, I wasn’t sure if it would be acceptable to take pictures without first asking permission. So I’m sharing pictures from Kansas City, which hosted WorldCon this year, because I took walking tours of the city Friday, Saturday, and Sunday mornings. Panel pictures will arrive with the Friday sessions.
Joined in progress.
FT: The classic epics were the science fiction of the past. They shared common themes and fundamental elements. They were from the oral tradition (storyteller). They featured a creation myth (cosmology), a hero, a quest, kinship and kinship troubles, the interplay of nature, culture, and the supernatural, descent into and emergence from the underworld, and/or the founding of a city.
EM: The SF epic can be set in a different world. One of the features in that case would be the technological difference between our world and the other one.
JK: Does scope equal epic? Northrop Frye espoused the high mimetic (imitative) as central to the epic form. Is there no everyman in the epic?
EM: The genius has epic intellect. The protagonist must be exceptional in some way.
CW: Walter Mitty is not epic.
FT: Many heroes start out as foundlings or shepherds.
WJW: Dune is a science fiction epic. Zelazny’s Lord of Light is an SF epic.
JK: Star Wars is an SF epic, a space opera. Edith Hamilton and Joseph Campbell have both analyzed it in their work.
CW: Foundation is an epic.
FT: Epic goes to the edge of the world, or humanity, or the universe. The world has to change as a result of the story.
WJW: So Epic science fiction is about man’s place in the universe.
FT: There’s an emotional, almost musical resonance.
EM: Modern readers need humour. That’s the secret spice in the stew.
JK: Economics doesn’t seem to be a factor.
CW: Not everyone appreciates an empire. Post-colonial narratives.
FT: Mad Max is dystopian and epic.
Aud: Wilson Tucker coined the term space opera in the early 40’s. It was meant to connote second rate science fiction that focused on adventure. It’s from horse opera, which was a pejorative term for a western.
Other epics were proposed by the panel and the audience: C.J. Cherryh, Leviathan Wakes, Hyperion, Babylon 5, Sagan, Clarke, David Brin, Gene Wolf. The theme of faith and religious belief was also proposed as another feature of the epic.
And that was time.
Next week: Mythology as the basis of science fiction.
Be well until then 🙂