This past Thursday, November 28, Mark Lefebvre of Kobo, who writes under the pen name Mark Leslie, conducted a workshop on self-publishing for the Sudbury Writers’ guild.
Mark spoke a bit about his experience with self-publishing first.
Mark Leslie with members of the SWG and Barnaby
His horror short story collection, One Hand Screaming, was published using Lightning Source (now Spark) from Ingram.
For his anthology Campus Chills, Mark and his friend Steve formed Stark Publishing (Steve + Mark). They used the Espresso Book Machine, which got its name because in the time it takes to make an espresso, the machine could produce a book.
At the time, Mark was working for a university book store and convinced the store to invest in the machine. He made the venture a paying one, producing all kinds of books for various groups in the university and surrounding community.
Mark is also an editor, editing North of Sixty, and Tesseracts Sixteen.
More recently, he compiled stories with background research for Haunted Hamilton and Spooky Sudbury, which he co-authored with Sudbury journalist Jenny Jelen. Both books were published with Dundurn Press in Hamilton.
One of the things to keep in mind is that traditional publishing can get you into places that you could never get into alone, for example, Costco.
Now Mark works for Kobo (which is just an anagram of book, by the way).
Why authors choose to self-publish
- For the new author, it’s a way to break in to traditional publishing, make a mark, get noticed.
- For mid-list writers, it’s most often used to resurrect their backlist. As copyright returns to authors, they format for self-publication and keep their work in circulation longer than their traditional publisher were willing to.
- For the NYTBS author, self-publishing offers control.
In general, self publishing offers higher royalties and faster payouts than traditional publishing.
Epub format is the industry standard.
Mobi is the Amazon standard.
Self-publishing is good for long-form journalism. (Mel’s note: we had a fair discussion of this. For those who don’t know what long-form journalism is, it is the full version of the article with bonus research materials. The print article may be a thousand or so words. The long-form version may be five or ten thousand. Think academic essay, but more accessible.)
It’s also good for publishing collections of short stories. If the stories have already been published elsewhere, then it can be seen as a kind of validation or pre-screening, and the collection may have a ready audience.
Kobo started out with Reading Life for their ereaders, and then developed Writing Life for their authors. The Kobo dashboard allows the author to see stats, earnings, and sales figures globally at a glance. (Mel’s note: Hugh Howey used, liked, and promoted Kobo Writing Life.)
You can format your work in Word or OfficeLibre (formerly Open Office). Use Sigil, or Calibre to tweak formatting, and Kobo even has a native WYSIWYG editor which will be familiar to WordPress users.
Follow the formatting instructions of your chosen platform carefully.
A word on DRM: it only hurts paying customers.
It’s not just about your name.
Mark takes his skeleton, Barnaby, on the road with him wherever he goes. He puts a t-shirt on Barnaby and sets him up outside the bookstore. People wandering by sit down and have their pictures taken, post them on social media. It’s free publicity.
Vistaprint is a great source for promotional materials. Pens, mugs, and t-shirts are just some of the swag you can buy to give away and promote your work.
KDP and KDP select
KDP select is Kindle’s exclusivity line. You can only publish with KDP select, no one else. You can only price books for free on KDP select, but only for five days out of every ninety.
You can work around it. Just publish using KDP and also on other services. Price the book for free on Smashwords or elsewhere, and Amazon will price match if one of your fans reports the competitor pricing.
Diversifying is better. Get your work out there and into the hands, or ereaders, of your fans. Let them choose the service.
Price is a verb
$2.99 seems to be the sweet spot (right now). The lower you set your price point, the more your royalties will be reduced.
You have to know who your audience is.
$1.99 seems to be the price point of doom. Currently, no one knows why.
$.99 is good, as are $3.99 and $4.99.
Authors can experiment. One author change the price of her ebooks from $4.99 to $5.99 and saw sales across all platforms except Kindle increase slightly. Kindle sale went down initially, but within two weeks, they levelled out again and all was well.
The two biggest complaints from marketing about ebooks are:
The cover sucks; and
It’s priced too low.
Free can work as a gateway to a backlist.